Chemotherapy chemo is treatment with anti-cancer drugs injected into a vein or taken by mouth. These drugs enter the bloodstream and go throughout the body, making this treatment useful for cancer anywhere in the body. Depending on the stage of non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC and other factors, chemo may be used in different situations:.
Chemotherapy is used to treat metastatic breast cancer by destroying or damaging the cancer cells as much as possible. Because chemotherapy medicines affect the entire body, chemotherapy is generally recommended if:. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with targeted therapies, which are medicines that target specific characteristics of cancer cells.
Disclosure: C. No other potential conflicts of interest were reported by the authors, planners, reviewers, or staff managers of this article. Describe the main clinical trials of bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced NSCLC.
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with approximately 1. The standard-of-care in patients with advanced disease is platinum-based doublet chemotherapy. Recent advances in the understanding of biological mechanisms of tumor growth have allowed for identification of some molecular targets for cancer treatment, such as vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF and epidermal growth factor receptor EGFR. VEGF is a pro-angiogenetic factor, which binds membrane receptors, and whose intra-cytoplasmatic domain presents tyrosine kinase activity.
You might need a central line. This is a long plastic tube that gives the drugs into a large vein, either in your chest or through a vein in your arm. Each GemCarbo treatment cycle takes 3 weeks.
Vokes, R. Salgia, T. Palliative chemotherapy improves the quality of life and prolongs survival in patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer NSCLC.
Bone Metastases pp Cite as. In the event of malignancy the skeleton is one of the most commonly affected organs. Metastatic bone disease is associated with significant morbidity and severe complications and has become an increasingly important quality of life issue.
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Two cases of possible remission in metastatic triple-negative breast cancer [published online first September 28, ]. J Community Support Oncol. Triple-negative breast cancer TNBC has been shown to generally have a poor prognosis.
Clinical Trials: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommends cancer patient participation in clinical trials as the gold standard for treatment. Cancer therapy selection, dosing, administration, and the management of related adverse events can be a complex process that should be handled by an experienced health care team. Clinicians must choose and verify treatment options based on the individual patient; drug dose modifications and supportive care interventions should be administered accordingly. The cancer treatment regimens below may include both U.