Nation-building and identity-seeking are not new phenomena in modern human history. The lessons to be learnt from those experiences fail to be retained; the illusions they nurture are often quickly shattered; dreams give way to new pains. Some words from Daniel Defoe may remind us of the risks nation-builders and identity-seekers court:.
Amartya Sen, Morgenthau Memorial Lecture, Injust when the Declaration of Independence was being adopted in this country, Thomas Paine complained, in Common Sensethat Asia had "long expelled" freedom. In this lament, Paine saw Asia in company with much of the rest of the world America, he hoped, would be different.
This essay discusses Asian American bicultural identity, traditional values and customs from root cultures, and how they are still practiced and celebrated by Asian American families and in communities. It also addresses the ways in which ethnic community influence the lives of the people it serves including residents, as well as how individuals of diverse cultural backgrounds can contribute to the lives of those around them. Within a year of their arrival inChinese immigrants in San Francisco established a Chinatown.
Asian valuesset of values promoted since the late 20th century by some Asian political leaders and intellectuals as a conscious alternative to Western political values such as human rightsdemocracyand capitalism. Advocates of Asian values typically claimed that the rapid development of many East Asian economies in the post-World War II period was due to the shared culture of their societies, especially those of Confucian heritage. They also asserted that Western political values were unsuited to East Asia because they fostered excessive individualism and legalism, which threatened to undermine the social order and destroy economic dynamism.
Guanxi, compadrazgo and bapakism. Joefe Santarita, dean of the Asian Center at the University of the Philippines, said Asian values promote consensual approach and communitarianism rather than individualism, and they prioritize social order and harmony as well as respect for elders, discipline and a paternalistic state along with the primary role of government in economic development. He cited China's guanxi, a cultural concept that stresses deep personal connections and maintaining relations.
He concluded by posing a challenge: Can the East offer an alternative vision of the values needed for a better world? Here are 10 such values that East Asia represents. We agree that every individual is important.
Alfred M. This is a personal contribution to this issue of the Review. A lively debate throughout the s on the universal nature of rights and values, and whether these are compatible with the values and concepts of rights common to Asian peoples, has attracted the attention of politicians and scholars in Asia and elsewhere.
Asian values was a political ideology of the s, which defined elements of society, culture and history common to the nations of Southeast and East Asia. It aimed to use commonalities — for example, the principle of collectivism — to unify people for their economic and social good and to create a pan-Asian identity. This contrasted with perceived European ideals of the universal rights of man. The popularity of the concept waned after the Asian financial crisiswhen it became evident that Asia lacked any coherent regional institutional mechanism to deal with the crisis.