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Eliot, T. Frost, R. Hopkins, G.
How does personality develop? According to the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freudchildren go through a series of psychosexual stages that lead to the development of the adult personality. His theory described how personality developed over the course of childhood. While the theory is well-known in psychology, it has always been quite controversial, both during Freud's time and in modern psychology.
It can be argued that no one has contributed more to the field of psychology than Sigmund Freud. Freud spent years developing various aspects of his theories, and although he is very often criticized, he can also be credited for exploring provocative frontiers and opening new areas of study that had never before been considered. Freud introduced many new ideas and in this article we'll be exploring some of his most prominent ones:.
In Freudian psychologypsychosexual development is a central element of the psychoanalytic sexual drive theorythat human beings, from birth, possess an instinctual libido sexual energy that develops in five stages. Being unsatisfied at the particular stages can result fixation. On the other hand, being satisfied can result a healthy personality.
The anal stage is the second stage in Sigmund Freud 's theory of psychosexual developmentlasting from age 18 months to three years. According to Freud, the anus is the primary erogenous zone and pleasure is derived from controlling bladder and bowel movement. The major conflict issue during this stage is toilet training. A fixation at this stage can result in a personality that is too rigid or one that is too disordered.
Freud and the Literary Imagination. Freud views it as a fundamental human instinct that is evident already at birth. All the libidinal impulses, for Freud, are inherently attached to vital bodily functions e. What distinguishes the libidinal dimension from the functional aspect as pure bodily necessity is the pleasure with which the activity is associated.